Sometimes there is confusion about the verse in Qur'an 5:119, which mentions the beliefs of some who considered Mary to be part of the Trinity.
This verse, Qur'an 5:119, says in meaning:
Here is an excerpt from this Gospel, as paraphrased by Cyril of Jerusalem (4th century):
when Christ wanted to come to earth, the Good Father summoned a mighty power in the heavens who was called Michael, and entrusted Christ to his care. The power came down into the world, and it was called Mary, and Christ was in her womb for seven months.
The Christian writer Origen (3rd century) also writes:
"Just now my mother, the holy spirit, took me by one of my hairs and brought me to Tabor, the great mountain,"
This quote further shows that there was a group, who considered themselves Christian, who identified Mary with the Holy Spirit, which probably indicates that they deified Mary along with Jesus (peace be with them). Just as Trinitarian Christians today consider both Jesus and the Holy Spirit to be divine.
[Reference for the quotes: "The Complete Gospels: Annotated Scholars Version" (HarperCollins, 1994), see under "Gospel of the Hebrews," pp. 430 ff.]
Therefore, the Qur'anic verse is referring quite clearly to this particular Christian sect, who deified both Jesus and Mary, and could still have been in existence in the 7th century C.E. when the Qur'an was revealed.
The Qur'an quite independently opposes the current Trinitarian views of modern-day Christians, who deify Jesus but not Mary. The Qur'an quite clearly opposes their Trinitarian creed in verses like 3:59, 4:171, 5:17, 5:175, and its opposition against the crucifixion and resurrection in 4:157.
May Allah guide us all to the truth.
Copyright © 1997, 1998 Fariduddien Rice. Permission to reprint and distribute is granted only if this notice is included, and the text is not modified in any way, shape or form to alter the intended meaning.
Back to index